- ✓ CULTIVATION OF HONEY – LOVE, FEED, MULCH
- ✓ HONESKY ON A FARM SCALE
- ✓ FOR HONEY HARVEST FOR SALE
- ✓ HAPPY VARIETIES: GOOD AND DIFFERENT
- ✓ DANGEROUS PESTS OF HONESTY – VIDEO
HONESKY CULTIVATION FOR SALE – MY PLANTING AND CARE INSTRUCTIONS
CULTIVATION OF HONEY – LOVE, FEED, MULCH
Honeysuckle is very sensitive to soil fertility, therefore, with regular top dressing, it grows, and hence the yield increases significantly. In the conditions of home plots, it is enough to use annually, depending on the age of the shrubs, from 1 to 3 buckets of humus or compost for each bush.
It is top dressing that provides plants with the necessary nutrients, and mulch that balances soil temperature changes, retains moisture and ensures the development of beneficial soil microorganisms.
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It is even better to combine organic matter with mineral additives. For this, 50 g of complex mineral fertilizer (nitroammofoska, kemira, etc.) is used annually under each bush, in which there are trace elements, and the main elements are contained in equal amounts (20:20:20). At the end of summer, 20-30 g of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers should be applied.
HONESKY ON A FARM SCALE
In industrial conditions, top dressing is carried out with the use of professional fertilizers. I like the Dutch MIVENA fertilizers the most. On the plantings of honeysuckle (3500 bushes / ha (35 bushes / one hundred square meters)) I use the following feeding scheme.
Every March, I add 3 kg / hundredth Field-Cote 18 + 8 + 12-7MgO * TE 4M Base Nutrient to the plant rows in March.
In the following months, I make a foliar top dressing with a solution application rate of 400 l / ha (4 l per 1 weave).
For honeysuckle bearing fruit at the end of May. I use three top dressings: 1st and 4th week of April and 2nd week of May with Granusol MIVENA Granusol WSF 12 + 7 + 25 + 2MgO-8CaO-Te (Red). 4 kg / ha (40 mg per strand).
For a honeysuckle bearing fruit in the second half of June, three top dressings are needed: in the 3rd week of April. 2nd week of May and 1st week of June with MIVENA Granusol WSF 12 + 7 + 25 + 2MgO-8CaO + Te (red) (4 kg / ha (40 g per strand)).
For honeysuckle fruiting at the turn of June and July, I make four foliar headings with the same preparation and in the same amounts on the dates: 3rd week of April. 2nd and 4th week of May and 2nd week of June.
After harvesting, the care of the honeysuckle does not stop, it needs four top dressings: in the 4th week of July and the 4th week of August Granusol 10 + 10 + 30 + 6MgO + te (4 kg / ha (40 g per 1 weave)): in the 2nd week of August and 2nd week of September Granusol 15 + 10 + 14 + 12CaO + te (4 kg / ha (40 g per strand)).
This “feeding” gives the honeysuckle good nutrition and allows you to get the maximum yield. It is a complete honeysuckle fertilization program that ensures balanced nutrition in all phases of plant development. Any deviation from the schedule will lead to poor growth, lower yields, and smaller berries. This scheme can also be used in the conditions of a home garden for a small number of plants.
See also: 10 Questions and Answers About Honeysuckle – Varieties, Planting, and Care
FOR HONEY HARVEST FOR SALE
Well, picking berries is best. Since the berries are rather small, they are harvested differently than other plants: a clean agrofiber is spread under the bush, and the berries are shaken off. On some varieties, the berries do not ripen at the same time, and overripe berries may crumble. If there are few bushes, you can leave agrofiber under them around the clock and periodically collect berries from it. Other materials can be used instead of agrofiber. Shelf life of berries is 3-5 days. In industrial cultivation, mechanized harvesting is used, for which special harvesters were created.
Reference by topic: Do I need to prune the honeysuckle after planting, why is the bark cracking and there are no berries?
WE REPLACE HONESKY IN DIFFERENT WAYS
There are several ways to reproduce honeysuckle. The simplest is rooting horizontal layers. In early spring, the lower shoots are bent to the ground and buried, leaving the top above the ground. During the season, the pit is watered. By autumn, roots are formed on the buried part of the shoot. The rooted shoot is separated from the mother liquor, carefully dug up and transplanted to a permanent place.
Adult bushes can be propagated by division. To do this, the bush is dug up and cut into pieces, which are planted in a permanent place. But with these methods of reproduction, you can get a small number of cuttings.
Propagation by cuttings (woody or green) is much more effective. In order to propagate honeysuckle with woody cuttings, in late autumn, after the leaves have fallen, the annual shoots are cut and cut into cuttings 17-20 cm long. The cuttings are planted so that 1-2 buds remain on top. In spring, plantings are loosened and watered. Very powerful seedlings grow in the fall. One problem – with such reproduction, only 15-20% of seedlings take root. The yield of cuttings is much higher if rooting is done in a greenhouse or a greenhouse. Then more than 50% of cuttings rooting with the use of rooting stimulants – even more.
The most productive green cuttings. At the beginning of the coloring of the berries, young green shoots are cut. They are cut into cuttings with two internodes. The lower leaves are removed and the upper leaves are cut in half. Prepared seedlings are planted in cassettes, cups with a substrate. The substrate is professional or consists of neutral peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 3.
Seedlings can be planted in boxes according to the 7 × 5 or 10 × 5 cm scheme. The seedlings are planted obliquely. A necessary condition for green seedlings is high humidity (85%).
This is achieved in greenhouses equipped with artificial fog installations. If this is not possible, then you can put containers with seedlings in PET bags and place them in the shade (but the yield of seedlings will be less). The optimal rooting temperature is 20-25 ° C. Under favorable conditions, rooting begins in 7-10 days. In July, when the growth reaches 5 cm or more, the plants are planted in open ground or transplanted into containers. I have heard the opinion that such little rastyniki may not survive the winter. In my practice, this has never happened. Death after hibernation did not exceed 1%. The next year after rooting, very strong plants grow, ready for planting in a permanent place.
See also: Canadian varieties of honeysuckle – photo, name and description
HAPPY VARIETIES: GOOD AND DIFFERENT
Thanks to the efforts of breeders in recent decades, the range of honeysuckles has been supplemented with a large number of excellent varieties. Today, the most popular are Cinderella, Karina, Big Fruits, Lapis lazuli, Bazhovskaya, Katyusha, Bakchar’s Pride, Bakchar’s Giant, Duet, Zinc, Honey, Silginka.
These are varieties of mainly Russian selection. Recently, due to climatic changes and rather mild winters, a significant drawback has revealed – winter flowering (re-flowering). And the next frost in February (and it happens almost every year) can destroy the entire crop. Some of this can be prevented by the use of porkers, which not only prepare the plants for the winter, but also prevent the buds from waking up in warm winters.
Canadian varieties are much less prone to re-flowering. They appeared on our market a few years ago. These are Honeybi, Borialis, Indigo Gem, Boreal Bist, Boreal Beauty, Aurora, etc. They are distinguished from the varieties of Russian selection by a later maturation period (June), a more intensive increase in yield, and even the lack of multiple flowering in the conditions of the south of Ukraine. Both have positive and negative qualities. Therefore, it is too early to talk about which varieties will be more in demand.
As for industrial cultivation, today there are plantations of honeysuckle with an area of 1-3 ha. Honeysuckle berries are still a rarity in shops and supermarkets, rather a curiosity. The demand for them is not as great as for other berries, especially considering the price. At present, the development of large industrial plantations is hampered by the lack of demand for frozen honeysuckle berries (producers of frozen products are the main consumers of blueberries in the world).
But I am sure that in time, honeysuckle will take its rightful place in our gardens.
DANGEROUS PESTS OF HONESTY – VIDEO
© Author: Oleg SAVEYKO, farmer.
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Below are other entries on the topic “Dacha and the garden – with their own hands”
- Reproduction of honeysuckle by cuttings
- Do I need to trim the honeysuckle after planting, why is the bark cracking and there are no berries?
- Growing honeysuckle on a breeding scale – top dressing and reproduction
- Growing honeysuckle in the Urals – new varieties and caring for them
- 5 ways to spread honeysuckle
- Propagation of flagellate seeds
- 4 tips and secrets of growing and caring for honeysuckle
- Everything you need to know about growing honeysuckle
- Canadian varieties of honeysuckle – photo, name and description
- Honeysuckle – types and the best varieties, planting and care