WE ARE UPDATING CURRENT VEGETATIVE REPRODUCTION
In order to always get a good harvest from berry bushes, the plants should be updated periodically. And the most economical and surest way to preserve valuable varietal indices is their vegetative reproduction. For example, lignified cuttings. Let’s see how this can be done using the example of black currant.
Start harvesting cuttings in the second half of August: when autumn approaches, the sap flow in plants slows down, the cuttings retain moisture and take root easily.
Choose a currant bush without visible damage from pests and diseases. Cut off annual lignified shoots 8-10 mm thick and 15-18 cm long, so that there are 5-6 buds on each cuttings.
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Carefully remove the leaves along with cutting the leaves. Make two cuts: the upper one is strictly perpendicular to the cut at a distance of 0 cm from the upper kidney. Make the second cut diagonally directly under the lower kidney.
Plant the prepared seedlings in compact, well-scattered soil at an angle of 45 degrees, at a distance of 5-7 cm, deepening so that 2-3 buds remain above the soil surface. After planting, water the seedlings thoroughly.
The seedlings hibernate without any problems (they can be mulched with dry leaves in a layer of up to 5 cm). Next April, feed the plants with nitrogen fertilizers. At the beginning of summer, foliar top dressing (from leaves) with a solution of complex fertilizer – for example, Kristalon (according to the instructions) will benefit. During the season, do not forget to water, weed and protect against diseases and pests – one or two treatments (in May and June) with a tank mix of fungicide and insecticide (eg Topaz + Aktara) is enough.
In September, the grown seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place.
IN A SIMILAR WAY IN AUGUST CURRENT CAN BE REPLACED WITH RED AND WHITE.
© Author: Dr. Olga EMELYANOVA agricultural sciences
Reference by topic: Currant rejuvenation according to the scheme “2 – early, 2 – medium, 2 – late”
PRODUCTION METHODS OF CURRANT – VIDEO
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