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Adelaide Hills Council is a local government area in the Adelaide Hills of South Australia. Local Government Association of South Australia. This South Australia geography article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. This page was last edited on 7 March 2018, at 05:59. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with Europe and English-language countries and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Kinder Scout was the site of a mass trespass in 1932.
The freedom to roam, or “everyman’s right”, is the general public’s right to access certain public or privately owned land for recreation and exercise. The right is sometimes called the right of public access to the wilderness or the “right to roam”. Many landowners in the United Kingdom have, in the past, strongly defended their property rights. Even uncultivated and unenclosed land was formerly heavily protected in some areas, mostly to preserve the land owner’s hunting or fishing rights.
This in turn left the general public with little access to natural areas. In England and Wales public access rights apply to certain categories of mainly uncultivated land—specifically “mountain, moor, heath, down and registered common land. Developed land, gardens and certain other areas are specifically excluded from the right of access. Agricultural land is accessible if it falls within one of the categories described above. In England, after a polarised debate about the merits, rights and benefits of private landowners and public recreation, in 2000 the Government legislated to introduce a limited right to roam, without compensation for landowners. The new rights were introduced region by region through England and Wales, with completion in 2005.
Maps showing accessible areas have been produced. Act 2003 comprehensively codified into Scots law the ancient tradition of the right to universal access to the land in Scotland. The act specifically establishes a right to be on land for recreational, educational and certain other purposes and a right to cross land. Access rights apply to any non-motorised activities, including walking, cycling, horse-riding and wild camping. They also allow access on inland water for canoeing, rowing, sailing and swimming. Access rights in Northern Ireland have been described as being “the most regressive and restrictive access legislation in Europe. Most of the routes used to reach our mountains, hills, seashores, rivers and national monuments pass over private land.