Packaging is the science, art and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use. Packaging importance of food packaging pdf refers to the process of designing, evaluating, and producing packages.
Packaging can be described as a coordinated system of preparing goods for transport, warehousing, logistics, sale, and end use. Packaging contains, protects, preserves, transports, informs, and sells. Bronze wine container from the 9th century BCE. The earliest recorded use of paper for packaging dates back to 1035, when a Persian traveler visiting markets in Cairo noted that vegetables, spices and hardware were wrapped in paper for the customers after they were sold. The use of tinplate for packaging dates back to the 18th century. Tinplate boxes first began to be sold from ports in the Bristol Channel in 1725. The tinplate was shipped from Newport, Monmouthshire.
By 1805, 80,000 boxes were made and 50,000 exported. 1914 magazine advertisement for cookware with instructions for home canning. With the discovery of the importance of airtight containers for food preservation by French inventor Nicholas Appert, the tin canning process was patented by British merchant Peter Durand in 1810. The progressive improvement in canning stimulated the 1855 invention of the can opener. Robert Yeates, a cutlery and surgical instrument maker of Trafalgar Place West, Hackney Road, Middlesex, UK, devised a claw-ended can opener with a hand-operated tool that haggled its way around the top of metal cans. Set-up boxes were first used in the 16th century and modern folding cartons date back to 1839.
The first corrugated box was produced commercially in 1817 in England. British patent in 1856 and was used as a liner for tall hats. Commercial paper bags were first manufactured in Bristol, England, in 1844, and the American Francis Wolle patented a machine for automated bag-making in 1852. Packaging advancements in the early 20th century included Bakelite closures on bottles, transparent cellophane overwraps and panels on cartons. These innovations increased processing efficiency and improved food safety. Heroin bottle and carton, early 20th century. In 1952, Michigan State University became the first university in the world to offer a degree in Packaging Engineering.
In-plant recycling has long been common for producing packaging materials. Post-consumer recycling of aluminum and paper-based products has been economical for many years: since the 1980s, post-consumer recycling has increased due to curbside recycling, consumer awareness, and regulatory pressure. A pill box made from polyethylene in 1936. Many prominent innovations in the packaging industry were developed first for military use.