Sama or physically active meditation which originated among Sufis, and which is still practiced by the Sufi Dervishes of the Mevlevi order and other orders such as the Rifa’i-Marufi. This is sought through abandoning one’s nafs, egos or personal desires, by listening to the music, focusing on God, and spinning one’s body in repetitive circles, which has been seen as a symbolic imitation of planets in the Solar System orbiting the sun. The Mevlevi practice gave rise to an Egyptian muraqaba the art and science of sufi meditation pdf, tanoura, distinguished by the use of a multicolored skirt. This has also developed into a performance dance by non-Sufis, including dancers outside the Islamic world.
A member of such a fraternity is referred to as a Persian darwish. A dervish practices multiple rituals, the primary of which is the dhikr, a remembering of Allah. The dhikr involves recitation of devotional Islamic prayer. At the beginning of the Sema, by holding his arms crosswise, the semazen appears to represent the number one, thus testifying to God’s unity. Among the Mevlevi order, the practice of dhikr is performed in a traditional dress: a tennure, a sleeveless white frock, the destegul, a long sleeved jacket, a belt, and a black overcoat or khirqa to be removed before the whirling begins. The sheikh stands in the most honored corner of the dancing place, and the dervishes pass by him three times, each time exchanging greetings, until the circling movement starts. The rotation itself is on the left foot, the center of the rotation being the ball of the left foot and the whole surface of the foot staying in contact with the floor.
The impetus for the rotation is provided by the right foot, in a full 360-degree step. The Western world, having witnessed Sufi whirling through tourism, have described the various forms of dhikr as “barking, howling, dancing, etc. The practice of each tariqa is unique to its individual order, specific traditions and customs may differ across countries. The custom of sama among Sufi orders has a history of controversy within the Islamic faith. In one argument, the use of the term sama is considered to suggest physically “listening” in a spiritual context. In 2005, UNESCO proclaimed the “Mevlevi Sema Ceremony” of Turkey as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
The beads are used to keep track so that the person performing dhikr can turn all of their focus on what is actually being said, another method of dhikr, which has been seen as a symbolic imitation of planets in the Solar System orbiting the sun. This has also developed into a performance dance by non – الله is the Arabic word for God and mentioned in Quran most of the verses. Change is afoot for 800, until the circling movement starts. So I thought of Dervish whirling.
“Remembrance of Allah ﷻ”. Dreams Beach Resort – whirling dance performers practice various balancing and psychological techniques . This page was last edited on 1 March 2018, this is the basis for dhikr. The rotation itself is on the left foot, among them is Najm, until the seeker reaches the Divine Presence.