The Ninth Ward or 9th Ward is a distinctive region of New Orleans, Louisiana, the ninth arch pdf is located in the easternmost downriver portion of the city. It is geographically the largest of the seventeen Wards of New Orleans. While there is substantial overlap, the 9th Ward should not be confused with city planning designation of the ninth planning district of New Orleans.
From 2012 to 2016, the 9th Ward was represented in the Louisiana House of Representatives by Democrat Wesley T. The smallest of these pieces is the area south and east of these canals. The portion of the Ninth Ward along the river down-river from the Industrial Canal stretching to the St. Bernard line is called the “Lower 9th Ward” or “Lower Ninth”.
The area west or “above” the Canal has sometimes been called the “Upper Ninth Ward. Such distinctions arose when the Industrial Canal bisected the neighborhood in the 1920s. The portion of the Ninth Ward along the riverfront between Faubourg Marigny and the Industrial Canal is known as Bywater. Further back are the Infamous St. Claude and Florida area and Desire neighborhood. This part of the Ward contained two of the Housing Projects of New Orleans.
The area along the river front was developed first, at the start of the 19th century, followed by the natural high land along Gentilly Ridge. The designation of this area as the “9th Ward” dates from 1852, when the boundaries of the Wards of New Orleans were redrawn as part of the reorganization of the city from three municipalities into one centralized city government. Along the lakefront were various fishing camps built on piers, the most famous collection being Little Woods. Such camps were common along the lakefront in the 19th and early 20th century, but the collection at Little Woods was the longest lasting concentration, many surviving until Hurricane Georges in 1998. The area of the 9th Ward on the back side of St. Claude Avenue experienced the city’s most significant and longest standing flooding from the New Orleans Hurricane of 1915 due to a break in the protection levee at Florida Avenue.
The Industrial Canal was dredged through the neighborhood at the start of the 1920s. Most of the area between Gentilly Ridge and Lake Pontchartrain was swamp, not drained and developed until the mid and late 20th century. Lincoln Beach was an amusement park along the lakefront for African-Americans during the era of racial segregation. The nearby “Pontchartrain Beach” was the corresponding amusement area for whites. Parts of the 9th Ward flooded during Hurricane Flossy in 1956, and the Lower 9th Ward experienced catastrophic flooding in Hurricane Betsy in 1965. The 9th Ward neighborhood was thrust into the nation’s spotlight in the aftermath of 2005’s Hurricane Katrina. Much of the area on both sides of the Industrial Canal experienced catastrophic flooding.
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The majority of the damage was caused by storm surge. Eastern New Orleans was flooded from multiple sources. The most severe was due to multiple breaches in the MRGO to the south. Some heavy waves during the storm topped the lake levee to the north, which may have contributed to the flooding in some places. Lakefront Airport, outside the main protection levees, was heavily damaged by surge from Lake Pontchartrain. Some water also overtopped a section of the Industrial Canal levee. The Upper Ninth was flooded by levee and floodwall failures near the Desire neighborhood, across the Industrial Canal from the junction with the MRGO.
The Lower Ninth Ward flooded most catastrophically, with storm surge coming through two large breaches in the Industrial Canal flood protection system, creating violent currents that not only flooded buildings, but smashed them and displaced them from their foundations. Floodwaters propelled the barge ING 4727 into the neighborhood on the other side of the levee from the Industrial Canal. The Lower 9th Ward, not yet dry from Katrina, was re-flooded by Hurricane Rita a month later. During Mardi Gras 2006, the 9th Ward was a popular spot for visitors. The national attention the area received due to the hurricane and the events following the disaster provided Carnival revelers with an additional destination during their celebration. Visitors, however, were not the only ones to venture into the area.